Rosacea is a common skin disorder that causes facial redness and swelling. It occurs most frequently in fair-skinned, young to middle aged people – women more than men. Often referred to as 'adult acne', rosacea typically begins as an enhanced tendency to flush or blush. Acne-like bumps and pimples also occur. Sometimes rosacea and real acne occur at the same time; however, blackheads do not. Rosacea often waxes and wanes but tends to progress over time. Rosacea can affect the eyes, presenting as burning or grittiness.
“When treatment begins at the first sign of rosacea, treatment often controls the disease. - American Academy of Dermatology
Rosacea treatment varies greatly from case to case as there is great variability in the manifestations of rosacea as well as in the way and degree to which it affects people’s lives. There are many non-medical interventions that can be of great value in controlling rosacea symptoms. The key is to minimize behaviors associated with a tendency to trigger facial flushing. These behavior changes may include minimizing or avoiding hot drinks, spicy foods, caffeine, and alcoholic beverages. Avoidance of extreme temperatures and sun exposure can also be beneficial. As rosacea is an inflammatory disorder, avoidance of physical and chemical irritants is also important.
Dermatology professionals often recommend combination treatment for rosacea. Topical prescription products, oral antibiotics, coated aspirin, and sunscreen are often suggested. Persistent enlarged blood vessels can be safely and elegantly removed with specially designed lasers. Dermatology consultation is the best method for rosacea sufferers to get help. Self-diagnosis and treatment of rosacea are not recommended as some over-the-counter skin products may actually make the condition worse.
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